Lecturer: Dino Jaroszynski, M Wiggins, B Ersfeld, G Vieux
Hours Equivalent Credit: 8
Assessment: Continuous Assessment
This course is cross-listed with the Particle Physics Theme
Particle accelerators are a valuable tool in probing high-energy physics (up to the Large Hadron Collider at CERN) that is vital in helping us to understand the universe. They also have a wealth of more down-to-earth societal applications such as radiotherapy machines for treating cancer. This course gives a concise introduction to the field of conventional accelerators that use radio-frequency or microwave radiation in order to accelerate charged particles (electrons, protons, ions) to high energy.
The course will cover the following topics:
(i) overview and history of the accelerators and outlook for future advances including the development of laser-driven accelerators,
(ii) accelerator applications including medical imaging, isotope production and oncology,
(iii) RF accelerating cavities including waveguide propagation, superconducting cavities and power delivery,
(iv) beam line diagnostics for characterising beam parameters such as charge, transverse profile, energy spread and emittance,
(v) transverse and longitudinal beam dynamics outlining beam parameters and transport and the effect of beam quality on transport and focusing,
(vi) non-linear beam dynamics including resonances, betatron motion and beam instabilities,
(vii) electromagnetic radiation emitted by relativistic charged particles due to their acceleration: synchrotron and betatron,
(viii) radiation damping and application of such radiation.